Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a mental disorder that has its onset in childhood and usually persists to adulthood. Patients with ADHD display symptoms of short attention span, hyperactivity, fidgeting and, impulsiveness. Patients with ADHD are prescribed drugs as the first and necessary part of treatment, but psychological treatment or behavioral treatment can be helpful too.
Medicine alone isn’t a sufficient treatment
Medications work at a neurological level to regulate the brain, but ADHD manifests itself as behavioral issues with peers, friends and, family. Psychological treatment for ADHD includes behavioral therapy wherein patients are taught how to organize their routine and, understand predictive behavior.
What happens in psychological treatments for ADHD?
The doctors usually recommend behavioral therapy alongside medication. Behavioral therapy is beneficial for both children and their parents. During the behavioral therapy, the parents are taught strategies for helping their ADHD child perform routine work with ease. This helps the children perform well at school, home and relationships. Here are the outcomes of behavioral therapy-
- Strengthen parent-child relationship and, build a habit of sharing through communication.
- Parents will learn the importance of praise for good behavior, which will reinforce good behavior in ADHD children.
- Parents will learn how to make their child’s life disciplined.
- Parents learn how to tackle when the child behaves unexpectedly.
It is important that children attend therapeutic sessions with their parents. Parents can guide their children positively to bring about changes in their behavior which children will not be able to do on their own. Behavioral therapy can also include playtime to make it easy for the child to express themselves.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a type of psychological treatment used along with medication. CBT is a short-term and goal focused. It’s different from behavioral therapy as it focuses on only one behavioral concern. It aims to resolve any negative habits, behavior or thought-patterns that the patient has. This is how this therapy proceeds –
- Choosing a behavioral concern like short-temper.
- Finding out the cause and thinking pattern for this behavior.
- Build ways to change that thinking pattern, and eventually the primary concern.
- Try new strategies if the previous ones don’t work.
Behavioral therapy is similar to CBT. It addresses a single behavioral issue but doesn’t require understanding its cause. It does so by making the patients organize tasks and learn dealing with emotionally-charged environments.
Social Skills Training
ADHD patients can develop behaviors that are rude in social settings. Social skills training helps ADHD patients learn sharing possessions, asking for help, and maintaining relationships.
Nearly 5% of children have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. If children with ADHD are given proper care and treatment at an early age, they can lead successful lives and maintain healthy relationships.